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Karate is a type of martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands, developed from indigenous fighting methods called "te" (手, literally "hand") and Chinese kung fu. A karate practitioner is called a "karateka". In addition, a karateka usually gives the greeting of "O, Osu (お、おす)"
Karate is primarily a striking art which uses punching, kicking, knee and elbow strikes, and open-handed techniques such as knife-hands and ridge-hands. Grappling, locks, restraints, throws, and vital point strikes are taught in some styles. Karate can be practiced as budo (self-development), as a sport, as a combat sport, or as self-defense training; Traditional karate places emphasis on budo. Modern Japanese style training emphasizes the psychological elements incorporated into a proper kokoro (attitude) such as perseverance, fearlessness, virtue, and leadership skills. Sport karate places emphasis on exercise and competition. The use of weapons are a important training activity in some styles.